Changes in dress in Kanga village, 1965-2010
These photos show the changes in dress over the past half century.
In the 1960s, most men wore a shirt with a loin cloth (shuka) and a kofia (embroidered cap), with a kanzu (gown) on formal occasions. By 2010, most men wore trousers, rather than shuka, and kanzu were only worn by older men.
In the 1960s, women wore a pair of kanga or kaniki (black cloths) but their heads, shoulders and arms were often bare, and they usually went barefoot. Only when travelling would they wear the all-enveloping black buibui. Over time, they have increasingly adopted the use of dresses beneath their kanga. The old-style buibui gave way gradually to the newer 'coat-like' style.
By 2010, women were very much more covered up, either using their kanga to cover their heads or wearing the hijabu, especially when attending Koran school. This has been largely due to the influence of radical Muslim groups such as the so-called 'Wasunna', members of Ansar al Sunna, who have preached a more puritanical form of Islam.